Protein Pacing and Fasting Reshape Gut Bacteria for Weight Loss: Study 

United States: Two recent popular weight loss techniques include intermittent fasting and, more recently, protein pacing, which a new study indicates could also improve the composition of gut microbes. 

More about the news 

Other prior research has even suggested some kind of influence of the bacteria located in the gut and its propensity to add more pounds. 

These latest studies provide us with more insights into how inner bacteria might be governed to maintain our bodies fit. 

The scientists who conducted this most recent research (which was mostly conducted as part of a study supported by the nutrition supplement company Isagenix) note that their results will be valuable for deciphering shifts in gut microbial composition based on eating, fasting, and dietary protein timing, all of which are constrained in intermittent fasting and protein-pacing diets. 

According to Alex Mohr, a microbiome researcher at Arizona State University said, “To maintain a stable community and ecosystem, the gut microbiome must regulate its growth rate and diversity in response to nutrient availability and population density,” as reported. 

Protein Pacing and Fasting Reshape Gut Bacteria for Weight Loss. Credit | Freepik
Protein Pacing and Fasting Reshape Gut Bacteria for Weight Loss. Credit | Freepik

More about the latest study 

The study was conducted on 41 overweight or obese participants who eat in their diet either a healthy, calorie-restricted Mediterranean-style diet, which is on the basis of US dietary recommendations, or a combination of intermittent fasting diet and protein-pacing (IF-P) diet for a span of two months. 

A protein-pacing diet requires necessary control of the daily protein intake, while intermittent fasting allows food to be taken only at some time of the day on some days. 

The IF-P diet on average contained 250-300 more calories than the ‘calorie-restricted’ diet on non-fasting days but contained more protein by gram on the non-fasting days. 

At the end of eight weeks, the stool samples revealed a higher selection of gut microbiota variety in the INF-P diet than in the other group. 

The results were different in every subject; however, for the overall GI issues, the IF-P diet group suffered less from it. They also lost more visceral fat, the type of fat important to metabolic health, including diabetes and heart issues. 

What’s more, those on the IF-P diet showed a number of biological shifts associated with losing weight: The types of gut bacteria in overweight subjects are richer in Christensenellaceae, and more of the proteins and the protein fragments associated with various aspects of weight reduction. 

The researchers wrote, “This novel work provides insight into the gut microbe and metabolomic profile of participants following an IF-P or calorie-restricted diet and highlights important differences in microbial assembly associated with weight loss and body composition responsiveness,” as reported. 

A larger level trial is needed 

The study took an examination of very limited number of participants, therefore a trial conducted on a larger group of people will be essential to help in validating the results. However, the particular type of diet can help in remodelling the gut and help in controlling weight control. 

It is a widely familiar fact that the number of obese patients is rapidly increasing to a billion, and obesity has a collateral effect that also leads to cardiac issues and some types of cancer